When we say Istanbul, one of the first things that come to our minds is the cultural heritage. Because it is home to three empires, our beautiful city is home to thousands of historical monuments. This historical texture is of great importance for Istanbul as a city of culture and art. The museums in Istanbul are among the most important museums in the world regarding history and culture. There are hundreds or even hundreds of museums in Istanbul, which should be seen as a priority? Here are six museums that you must visit in Istanbul.
The Maritime Museum is located opposite the Besiktas Pier and contains information and objects on maritime affairs related to the Admiralty. The first Naval Museum in history was established in Kasimpasa. But in the Second World War, the archives were sent to Konya for protection. Then it was brought back to Kasımpaşa. In 1949 the museum was transferred to the Dolmabahçe Mosque. And finally, in 1960, began to serve in the building we saw today.
Rahmi Koc Museum
Rahmi Koc Museum, which started to serve in Hasköy in 1994, consists of 3 main sections. The names of these departments are Outdoor Exhibition Area, Sirket-i Hayriye and historical Lengerhane. You can see amazing pieces in the museum — old computers, scientific inventions, models, discovery spheres, trains-submarines, and many other valuable pieces.
Harbiye Military Museum
The building, which was built in 1841 as a Military Academy, now serves as a Military Museum. In addition to museum features, the museum is of great importance because of the education of many valuable commanders such as Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In the museum, it is possible to see the class that Atatürk studied. Five thousand works are exhibited in the museum, but it contains 55 thousand works. Here, it is possible to see a part of the chain stretched by the Byzantines during the conquest of Istanbul, the medals of Atatürk, the weapons used by the Turkish army and armies of foreign states.
Museum of Turkish and Islamic Arts
This museum, which was the first museum to bring together Turkish-Islamic works, was established in 1914 in Suleymaniye Madrasa. In 1983 it moved to the Ibrahim Palace. Metal and ceramic objects in the museum, sand and glass works, manuscripts can be seen. The works were brought from different corners of the world. There is also the world’s most opulent carpet collection.
Istanbul Archeology Museum
Istanbul Archeology Museum, founded by Osman Hamdi Bey in 1891, is in a level that will compete with other counterparts in the world. This structure, which resembles a temple, was built by Alexander Vallury, who was known as the founder and first teacher of the architecture department of Sanayi-i Nefise. The collection of historical monuments in the Ottoman Empire began in the time of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror. The collected works were placed in the Church of Hagia Irene. But when this is insufficient, the collection moved to the Tiled Kiosk. When the Tiled Kiosk began to appear inadequate, the building we see today was built. The museum consists of three parts: the Archeology Museum, the Old Oriental Works Museum and the Tiled Kiosk. It is possible to see essential works such as the Kadesh Agreement and the first love poem of history written in Sumerian.
Topkapı Palace was built between 1460-1478 after Fatih Sultan Mehmet conquered Istanbul and the old palace was unable to carry the people of the palace. The palace is located on an area of 70000 m2. It was home to the Ottoman dynasty for 400 years. In 1924, it was converted into a museum by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. In the palace, there are many valuable relics, such as Mohammed’s hirka-i sheriff, and his beard, and Moses’ sceptre of the Red Sea.